Amber is a very ancient tree resin produced by long extinct trees, entirely organic, whose composition has changed little over millions of years. Resin is exuded by both conifer trees and tropical broad-leaved trees as a form of defense against insects and disease.
Tropical living relatives of the amber trees produce large quantities of resin possibly due to the more intensive insect attacks in the tropics. Trees also produce resin flows to seal breaks in their bark or to seal off broken branches. The resin covers the breaks in the bark and hardens acting as a seal against further damage by insects or fungi. Before the resin hardens, small insects, plant debris, small vertebrates become trapped in the sticky substance and eventually become 'ambalmed'. The resin eventually becomes mixed with the soil when it falls off the tree or when the tree dies and falls to the forest floor becoming part of the sediments, where over millions of years the resin's terpenes become linked and the resin becomes ambar.
Many myths surround the origin of amber. Ovid writes that when Phaeton, a son of Phoebus, the sun, convinced his father to allow him to drive the chariot of the sun across the sky for a day, he drove too close to the earth, setting it on fire. To save the earth, Jupiter struck Phaeton out of the sky with his thunderbolts and he died, plunging out of the sky. His mother and sister turned into trees in their grief but still cried mourning him. Their tears, dried by the sun, are amber.
The Greeks called ambur elektron, or sun-made, perhaps because of this story, or perhaps because it becomes electrically charged when rubbed with a cloth and can attract small particles. Homer mentions amber jewelry - earrings and a necklace of amber beads - as a princely gift in the Odyssey.
The natural gemstones used to make this amber jewellery, do have naturally occuring inclusions which sometimes can be mistakenly interpreted as being flaws. Cracks and fissures that have occured in creation of these magnificent natural jeweles are part of the intrinsic beauty and are how experts can differentiate each classification of gemstone. Any illustration of the amber jewellery pieces on this page are given in good faith, however because no two gemstones are exactly the same both in design or shade of colouring, it cannot be guaranteed to be absolutely correct. All of the amber gemstones used to create these pieces of jewellery are set in top quality, sterling silver mounts. If you wish to know more about any specific item of silver topaz jewellery please go to our contact us page, and we will give you more information. Please note that due to hygiene reasons, all earrings on this page are non refundable items (unless faulty). If you would like to know more please click on to our legal, terms and conditions page.
ITEMS YOU CAN EXPECT TO FIND ON OUR ON-LINE CATALOGUE SHOP AND SUB PAGES,SILVER AMBER BRACELET, AMBER EARRINGS, AMBER JEWELLERY,AMBER PENDANT, GREEN EARINGS, STUD EARRINGS, JEWELLERY HISTORY AND RELATED INFORMATION.
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